Causes and Risk Factors of Baldness
Factors such as diet, medications, natural hormones, pregnancy, improper hair care and certain diseases can cause temporary hair loss. Once the underlying cause is pinpointed and eliminated, the hair may grow back. See the Hair Loss report for more detailed causes of temporary hair loss.
Treatment of Baldness
There is no cure for common baldness, but surgical hair replacement can give you back a head of your own hair. Available since the 1950s, surgical hair replacement is a low- risk procedure.
Surgeons remove tiny plugs (grafts) of your hair-bearing skin and transplant them into tiny holes made in your scalp. They take these plugs from the band of hair extending from above your ears around the back of your scalp.
During one session, your surgeon may transplant between 60 and 100 hair plugs, each about the diameter of a pencil eraser. Local anesthesia and mild sedation minimize discomfort during surgery.
Hospitalization usually is unnecessary. Within a few days after the operation, tiny scabs form around each hair graft. When the scabs disappear, the donor hairs usually fall out. New hairs generally start to grow within a few months.
If the baldness and thinning is extensive, one should not expect to walk out of the first surgery with a full, natural-looking head of hair.
Even after the transplanted hairs begin growing, these widely scattered clumps may look conspicuous. Additional surgeries may be needed to fill the void. It may take a year or two before you will be pleased with your new appearance.
The quest for a new look may cost in the range of $2,000 for each round of surgery. Typically, it takes three or fours sessions to cover a bald area.